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Stress and Health

In Stress and Health

What does health mean?

The English word “health” comes from the Old English word “hale”, meaning “wholeness, a being whole, sound or well”. The lexical unit “hale” derives from the Proto-Indo-European root “kailo”, which means “whole, uninjured, of good omen”. The most famous modern definition of health was created during a Preamble to the Constitution of the World Health Organization as adopted by the International Health Conference in 1946 and entered into force in 1948. This definition sounds as “[h]ealth is a state of…

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In Stress and Health

Stress and Heart Disease

If a decade ago it was quite hard to find information about coronary heart disease (CHD) in scientific publications, nowadays there is an extensive literature related to psycho-social factors of the CHD development.  The most consistent determinant of the CHD is a socioeconomic status. It has repeatedly been shown in epidemiological studies all over the world that the CHD is more common among people of a lower rather than a higher socioeconomic status. The lower socioeconomic position is considered to be a factor…

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In Stress and Health

Stress, Physical Exercises and Health

The psychological benefits of regular exercise are hard to underestimate. Results of cross-sectional and longitudinal studies are more consistent in indicating that aerobic exercise training has antidepressant and anxiolytic effects and protects against harmful consequences of stress, although details of each of these effects remain unclear. Also, regular physical activities can improve our mood and help us to better manage stress. Exercise can promote psychological well-being as well as improve quality of life. For example, in the study the greater…

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In Stress and Health

Is There a Link Between Stress and Our Immunity?

As we have discussed earlier, psychological stress should be distinguished in accordance with its duration and intensity. The psycho-neuroimmunological community recognizes an acute stress and a chronic stress. Both types of stress have different impact on the functioning of the immune system. The sympathetic nervous system (SNS) and the hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal (HPA) axis are activated by any psychological stress. The SNS is responsible for regulating the heart rate through secreting catecholomines, while the HPA axis controls the corticosteroids release from the…

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